New AAA Study: LA/OC Crashes Cost $11 Billion Annually



(LOS ANGELES, March 5, 2008)A report released today by AAA shows that traffic crashes in the Los Angeles/Orange County area cost nearly $11 billion annually – more than the massive price tag associated with traffic congestion, according to the Automobile Club of Southern California.

The report on “Crashes: What’s the Cost to Society?” reveals that in most areas of the country, the cost of traffic crashes far outweighs the cost of traffic congestion. The cost of crashes includes such items as medical/emergency/police services, property damage, lost productivity, and reduced quality of life.

However, in Los Angeles and Orange counties, traffic congestion is at such a high level that its “cost to society” is just slightly lower than that of traffic crashes. According to the study, conducted on behalf of AAA by the transportation policy firm Cambridge Systematics, traffic congestion costs the Los Angeles/Orange County region an estimated $9.3 billion annually, while traffic crashes cost $10.85 billion -- about $817 per person.

“This study clearly demonstrates that both traffic safety and traffic congestion are a tremendous challenge to Southern California in terms of out-of-pocket costs and reduced quality of life,” said Alice Bisno, the Auto Club’s vice president for public affairs. “In theory, the ability to get from place to place quickly and safely is of great importance to people in today’s busy world. But in practice, there isn’t as much focus as there should be on taking aggressive steps to reduce the number of traffic crashes.”

The Auto Club and AAA are calling on leaders at all levels of government to focus increased attention on preventing crash deaths and injuries. Reductions to both vehicle crashes and traffic congestion can be achieved by actions such as enhanced traffic law enforcement, improved highway safety, and better management of traffic incidents, said Bisno.

A recent Auto Club analysis of California crash statistics shows that collision deaths dropped sharply in the 1980s and 1990s at the same time that the number of licensed drivers was increasing. However, in recent years, the number of statewide crash fatalities has begun rising again.
“In the 1980s and 1990s, crash fatalities decreased because of numerous vehicle safety improvements such as airbags and increased use of seatbelts, as well as changes in public perception about the acceptability of drinking and driving,” said Steven Bloch, Ph.D., the Auto Club’s senior traffic safety researcher. “But after a nearly two-decade decline, the number of crash fatalities in California rose by 21 percent from 1998 through 2006. About 4,000 people die and 300,000 are injured each year in California traffic crashes. That creates a drain on limited medical and safety resources and a staggering cost emotionally and financially to families and society at large.”
 
The Los Angeles/Orange County metropolitan area has the highest “cost of congestion” and the second-highest “cost of crashes” among all metropolitan areas in the U.S. The area with the highest cost of crashes annually is the metropolitan area encompassing New York City, Newark, N.J. and Edison, N.J.

Other Southern California metropolitan areas outlined in the study include Riverside-San-Bernardino-Ontario, which has an estimated congestion cost of $955 million and an estimated crash cost that is more than five times greater – $4.8 billion. San Diego, which has the 13th-highest congestion cost in the country at $1.7 billion, has an estimated crash cost of $2.6 billion. Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura has a congestion cost of $229 million and a crash cost of $676 million – nearly three times greater. And Bakersfield’s estimated congestion cost is $66 million while its crash costs are estimated at over $1 billion – 15 times greater.
 
Southern California traffic crash costs per person per year by region are: LA/Orange County, $817; Inland Empire, $1,203; San Diego, $881; Ventura County, $826; and Bakersfield, $1,321.  

The AAA/Cambridge analysis used the traffic congestion study conducted biannually by the Texas Transportation Institute (TTI) as the basis to establish the annual cost of congestion for each metropolitan area. Researchers then calculated crash costs for the same metropolitan areas using crash data provided by each state. The study used crash cost data provided by the National Highway Transportation Administration (NHTSA) to calculate the total crash cost for each metropolitan region.

The study includes several recommendations to improve safety, including support for a national safety goal of cutting surface transportation fatalities in half by 2025, as recommended by the National Surface Transportation Policy and Revenue Study Commission.

The Cambridge report summary contains the study conclusions and recommendations. The full Cambridge report includes detailed statistics for each major metropolitan area in the U.S.